Prediction of transonic vortex flows using linear and nonlinear turbulent eddy viscosity models

by Robert E. Bartel

Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center, Publisher: Available from NASA Center for AeroSpace Information in Hampton, Va, Hanover, Md

Written in English
Published: Pages: 30 Downloads: 247
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  • Turbulence -- Mathematical models.,
  • Viscous flow -- Mathematical models.,
  • Vortex-motion -- Mathematical models.
  • Edition Notes

    StatementRobert E. Bartels and Thomas B. Gatski.
    GenreMathematical models.
    SeriesNASA/TM -- 2000-210282, NASA technical memorandum -- 2000-210282.
    ContributionsGatski, T. B., Langley Research Center., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination30 p. :
    Number of Pages30
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19428460M

  The mechanism of the improvement is studied using both the vortex dynamics and the momentum equation. It is proved that quadratic constitutive relation model consumes low CPU time and provides much improved compressor corner separation prediction without worsening the Cited by: 2. TURBULENT FLOWS We generally differentiate between a laminar and a turbulent flow state. If the flow velocity is very small, the flow will be laminar, and if the flow velocity exceeds a certain boundary value, the flow becomes turbulent. Figure shows this transition from a “well-ordered” laminar state to aFile Size: KB. The flow over a wing and the near-wake with the wind tunnel walls included was simulated using million grid points. Two subset problems, one using a steady, three-dimensional analytical vortex, and the other, a vortex obtained from experiment and propagated downstream, were also devised in order to make the study of vortex preservation more. Tip leakage vortex (TLV) in a transonic compressor rotor was investigated numerically using detached-eddy simulation (DES) method at different working conditions. Strong unsteadiness was found at the tip region, causing a considerable fluctuation in total pressure distribution and flow angle distribution above 80% span. The unsteadiness at near choke point and peak efficiency point is not by: 2.

An investigation into the vortex formation in a turbulent fluid with an application in tropical storm generation turbulent flow, but rather there is a range of models that can usefully be applied to the perfectly laminar and as the viscosity tends to zero the flow becomes turbulent. 3. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and data structures to analyze and solve problems that involve fluid ers are used to perform the calculations required to simulate the free-stream flow of the fluid, and the interaction of the fluid (liquids and gases) with surfaces defined by boundary conditions. Figure 2: Prediction bounds for the velocity profiles in a turbulent jet computed using the eigenspace perturbations. The dark-blue lines represent the prediction using an eddy viscosity model, the re.   Vortex is a fluid structure such that any fluid particle present within that structure experiences a ‘rotation’. A vortex is associated with a vector called vorticity, just like a particle in motion is associated with a vector called velocity. Vor.

Prediction of transonic vortex flows using linear and nonlinear turbulent eddy viscosity models by Robert E. Bartel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Three-dimensional transonic flow over a delta wing is investigated with a focus on the effect of transition and influence of turbulence stress anisotropies.

The performance of linear eddy viscosity models and an explicit algebraic stress model is assessed at the start of vortex flow, and the results compared with experimental by: 3. Prediction of Transonic Vortex Flows Using Linear and Nonlinear Turbulent Eddy Viscosity Models Robert E.

Bartels and Thomas B. Gatski NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Abstract Three-dimensional transonic flow over a delta wing is investigated with a focus on the effect of transition.

To assess the effect of the turbulent stress anisotropy, comparisons are made between predictions from the algebraic stress model and the linear eddy viscosity models. Both transition location and turbulent stress anisotropy significantly affect the 3D flow field. The most significant effect is found to be the modeling of transition location.

Prediction of Transonic Vortex Flows Using Linear and Nonlinear Turbulent Eddy Viscosity Models Article (PDF Available) in NASA Technical Memorandum July. The turbulence models used in the study include linear and non-linear eddy-viscosity models. For the lower Mach number case, the flow remains attached and all of the turbulence models yield.

The predictions obtained using several turbulence models, including linear and non-linear two equation and second moment closure models, are compared with experimental data for surface pressure and engine-face total by: 3.

The majority of turbulent flow calculations is carried out using linear eddy viscosity models (EVM) like the well known k-ϵ model, although those models fail in predicting turbulent flows with streamline curvature or with respect to rotating frame of reference and for the prediction of secondary flows in non-circular channels.

The reason for Cited by: turbulent eddy sizes), an energy cascade exists by which energy is transferred from the larger scales to the smaller scales, and eventually to the smallest scales where the energy is dissipated into heat by molecular viscosity.

Turbulent flows are thus always dissipative. Turbulent flows also exhibit a largely enhanced Size: 1MB. Predictions of Channel and Boundary-Layer Flows with a Low-Reynolds-Number Turbulence Model.

Performance of various RANS eddy-viscosity models for turbulent natural convection in tall vertical cavities. Transonic turbulent flow predictions with new two-equation turbulence by:   Transonic turbulent separated flow predictions using a two-layer turbulence model.

Assessment of various low-Reynolds number turbulence models in shock-boundary layer interaction. Transonic turbulent flow predictions with new two-equation turbulence by: 8. None of the models have been optimized to high-speed flows. Results indicate that the R t closure outperforms both the Spalart-Allmaras and Menter’s models in predicting this flow.

Since the R t model’s formulation is also topography-parameter-free, it seems to be the best choice for use in hypersonic heat transfer prediction within the Cited by: Three linear two-equation turbulence models k − ε, k − ω and k − 1 and a non-linear k − 1 model are used for aerodynamic and thermal turbine flow prediction.

The pressure profile in the wake and the heat transfer coefficient on the blade are compared with experimental data. Good agreement is obtained with the linear k − 1 by: 3. Shock wave/boundary-layer interaction (SWBLI) is a common but important flow phenomenon, within various engineering design areas such as engine inlets, compressors and turbines.

In past decades, researchers have made great efforts towards better understanding and modeling of SWBLI : Y. You, D. Liang. Turbulent flows also exhibit a largely enhanced diffusivity. This turbulent diffusion greatly enhances the transfer of mass, momentum, and energy.

The apparent stresses, therefore, may be of several orders of magnitude greater than in the corresponding laminar case. The fact that the Navier-Stokes equations are non-linear for turbulent flows. ficient for the eddy viscosity is determined by the mean flow deformation rate and the turbulence quantities.

The models, therefore, can be particularly suitable for flows with large or sudden flow deformation. Two transonic flows with embedded shock waves are calculated in this paper. In the first, an internal tran-sonic flow field is generated by using floor-mounted, two-dimensional bump models.

Yang and H. Ma, "Modeling of turbulent transonic flows with linear and nonlinear eddy-viscosity turbulence models," Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 21, (). Yang and H. Ma, "Nonlinear turbulence models in shock/boundary-layer interaction," Acta Mechanica Sinica, 35, ().

Since the s, these modelling classes have become important intermediate classes between the linear eddy viscosity models and full Reynolds stress transport models.

The derivation of explicit algebraic Reynolds stress models from the Reynolds stress transport models, and the required simplifications are by:   Hi. I did my PhD research on LES of developing turbulence in trailing vortices. Theses vortices are modelled using common models which are also applicable to cyclones, i.e.

the 2D Lamb-Oseen model, and the 3D Batchelor vortex (also known as q-vortex) with axial flow. Parallel simulations of vortex-induced vibrations in turbulent flow: Linear and nonlinear models Evangelinos, Constantinos ProQuest Dissertations and Theses; ; ProQuest.

Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. “Spalart-Allmaras (SA) is a one-equation turbulence model that has been developed specifically for aerodynamic flows such as transonic flow over airfoils,” said Baglietto. The model is based on kinematic eddy viscosity and mixing length.

This mixing length defines the transport of the turbulent viscosity. @article{osti_, title = {Predictions of flow through an isothermal serpentine passage with linear eddy-viscosity Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes models.}, author = {Laskowski, Gregory Michael}, abstractNote = {Flows with strong curvature present a challenge for turbulence models, specifically eddy viscosity type models which assume isotropy and a linear and instantaneous equilibrium.

Vortex identifications in turbulent flows past arrays of tandem plates are performed by employing the velocity field obtained by high-fidelity large eddy simulations. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) are extracted to examine the evolution and the nonlinear interaction of vortices and to characterize the spatial and temporal characteristics Author: Bashar Attiya, I-Han Liu, Muhannad Altimemy, Muhannad Altimemy, Cosan Daskiran, Alparslan Oztekin.

For Review Only 1 | P a g e 1 Vortex Identification in Turbulent Flows Past Plates using 2 Lagrangian Method 3 Bashar Attiyaa,b, I-Han Liua, Muhannad Altimemya,c, Cosan Daskirana and Alparslan Oztekina,* 4 aP.C.

Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 5 bHaditha Hydropower Station, Ministry of Electricity, Haditha, IraqAuthor: Bashar Attiya, I-Han Liu, Muhannad Altimemy, Muhannad Altimemy, Cosan Daskiran, Alparslan Oztekin.

Accurate CFD for all regimes. ICFD++ can be used to simulate compressible and incompressible fluids and flows, unsteady and steady flows, large range of speed regimes including low speeds through subsonic, transonic, supersonic and hypersonic speeds, laminar and turbulent flows.

capillaries, and had shown that the linear component of the drag was proportional to a property of the °uid which they named the viscosity coe–cient. What was shown in by Hagen and by Darcy was that the quadratic component of the drag of a body, and of the pressure drop in a pipe, was independent of the Size: 1MB.

This phenomenon consists of transversal oscillations of the wind turbine wake, which might be excited by the vortex shedding from the rotor disc acting as a bluff body. In this work, temporal and spatial linear stability analyses of a wind turbine wake are performed on a base flow obtained with time-averaged wind tunnel velocity by:   Understanding turbulent free-surface vortex flows using a Taylor-Couette flow analogy and the vortex eddy viscosity concept the Reynolds stress models more suited to complex flows Cited by: 5.

An investigation of the effects of turbulence models on the prediction of transonic wing flows is performed. The turbulence models used in this study are the equilibrium model of Baldwin and Lomax, and the original and modified models of Johnson Cited by: 3. Asside: the Renormalisation Group [$\mathrm{k}-\epsilon$] Model (RNG) uses statistical mechanics and a limited number of assumptions regarding the statistic of small-scale turbulence, to provide a rigorous basis for extension of eddy viscosity models.

The flow that you describe is a rotating flow with a curved Boundry Layer (BL). Now. The Baldwin-Lomax model [Baldwin and Lomax ()] is a two-layer algebraic 0-equation model which gives the eddy viscosity, as a function of the local boundary layer velocity model is suitable for high-speed flows with thin attached boundary-layers, typically present in aerospace and turbomachinery applications.

In recent years, nonlinear explicit algebraic stress model (EASM) formulations have been explored for improving the capability to predict turbulent jet flow fields with significant turbulent anisotropy (Refs.

). However, EASMs utilize an underlying two-equation approach and are subject to the same deficiencies as the linear two-equation models.kL-Based Linear and Nonlinear Two-equation Turbulence Models: K. S. Abdol-Hamid: NASA Langley Research Center, USA. Turbulent Transition Prediction Using Large-Eddy Simulation with the Stability Theory: M.

Kim, J. Lim, S. Kim, S. Jee, J. Park and D. Park Large Eddy Simulation of turbomachinery flows using a high-order Implicit Residual. The process starts with a cubic eddy viscosity model (CEVM) developed for incompressible flows.

It is fitted to limited experimental JIC data using shrinkage regression. The shrinkage process removes all the terms from the model, except an intercept, a linear term, and a quadratic one involving the square of the by: 7.